Tanulmányok

Közlemények

Megemlékezések

Események
Szabó Imre, Golubeva Irina
Események, tájékoztatók

Könyvismertetések

Rezümék
Szerkesztőség
Angol rezümé
Szerkesztőség
Francia rezümé
Szerkesztőség
Német rezümé

A 2004 – 2019 között megjelent Neveléstörténet jogutódja a POLYMATHEIA Művelődés- és neveléstörténeti folyóirat.

2004. ÉVFOLYAM - 3-4. SZÁM

Szerkesztőség: Angol rezümé



1. Muslim education in western publications on education    -  In our age there is an intellectual need to pursue a history of education and culture which also follows other nations and cultures with attention. It is, therefore, of great importance to get to know the history of Islam, a world religion, in a cultural sense because the Islamic education in the Middle Ages has still not been recognized in the textbooks on the history of education. The “universal “ views on history held by former education historians call for the need to  get to know the world in its entirety. The author gives a historiographical   review of  the books, their authors and source material published in major European languages on the education history of  Islam during the past 150 years. The author is an associate professor, the researcher of the culture of  Islam.

2. New education : yesterday for today ? – In 1915 Adolphe Ferriere compiled  a list of 30 headings, which  he believed characterizes a  really ‘modern school’. The renowned  French professor, education philosopher and researcher  ,  J. Houssaye analyzes the thoughts of this  early representative of reformeducation. The author, who works at the University of Rouen, claims the former initiatives to renew the intellectual and moral education were almost never carried out and they did not contribute to the renewal of  education. He believes that the thoughts of Ferriere from 90 years ago may become important elements of the innovation of education.

3. The heritage of the talented Amalia Bezerédj ( 1804-1837 ) – The study gives a detailed picture of the original and talented writer, composer and founder of kindergartens. The author shows how Amalia Bezerédj fought for the ideas of the Reform Age, the renewal of the Hungarian way of life, the women’s role in public life, the harmonic family education and  public and art education. She made every effort to found teacher training institutions  and infant schools, introduce education on the mother tongue and spread European civilization in Hungary. Her main work titled The Book of Flóri is a genuine hungaricum. The essay based on primary sources and  accompanied by a detailed chronology comes out on the 200th anniversary of the birth of Amaália Bezerédj. The author is a professor.

4. Is there a need to join Europe? The connections between the Hungarian and European system of kindergarten education between 1828 – 1998.  – On the occasion of the EU- accession the author analyses the connections between, and the special features of, the Hungarian and the European system of kindergarten education starting in 1828, when the first kindergarten was established, until   the end of the last century. He describes the relations between the first Hungarian kindergarten educators and foreign specialists like Frőbel, Pestalozzi and M. Montessori as well as the relations between the Hungarian educators  and kindergarten education in the Western countries and Japan during the past decades. He concludes that the Hungarian kindergarten educators successfully applied and mixed foreign examples and good tradition, which made the Hungarian kindergarten education recognized and acknowledged throughout Europe. The author is a professor.

5. In the first part of the essay  titled The Heroic Age of the European Kindergarten Education in the Letters of Teréz Brunszvik the author analyses  her letters to Joseph Wertheimer from Vienna, in which he  clarifies  the circumstances of the establishment of the first Hungarian kindergarten in 1828. He describes   former research on  kindergartens  and the countess’s work and the effects of Wilderspin’s book. He corrects several erroneous ideas and views of the Hungarian history of education. By analyzing the letters of 1826-1828 the author illustrates the close cooperation between Teréz Brunszvik and Wertheimer, who translated Wilderspin’s book into German, to establish the most modern pre-school institution of their age , the infant school.

6. Learning Hungarian as the official state language in the 19th century – Public education in the Hungarian territory of the Dual Austrian- Hungarian Monarchy is an integral part of the Hungarian history of education.  The activities of the education government and their effects on public education are still unexplored. It is essential for us to carry out  research into the application of rules and laws, explore the history of the regions and analyze the sources so that we have an authentic picture of the effects of education laws and the practice of public education in the age of dualism. 125 years ago Ágoston Trefort, Minister of Education issued a decree which ruled that The Hungarian language, the official state language shall be taught in non-Hungarian public education institutions.

7. Protestant public education in the region of Küküllő in the late  18th and the early 19th centuries – There were public education schools in the regions Transylvania – Romania today – as early as the 17th century. The essay shows how education evolved in the 150 years, how teaching was conducted, who the teachers were and how they were paid, what the schools were like and how schools, teaching materials and methods were supervised. The author describes the textbooks of the students studying at  Protestant public education schools in the early 19th century.

8. History of education in grammar schools in the county of Békés after the Trianon Treaty – There was a growing need for secondary education in the south eastern county of Hungary in the late 18th century. The author analyses the history of secondary education and shows where and how these institutions operated. The growing  number of students indicated  a demand for further education. It is worth mentioning that only one of the seven grammar schools was maintained by the state, the others six were maintained by different religious denominations.

9. An outline of the history of the public and denominational education of the Jews in Földes – As well as the Jewish elementary schools in the late 18th century,  the Jewish secondary schools also played an important role in the Hungarian education. The eastern Hungarian town of Földes had a significant Jewish population. The author  traces the education of the Jewish population from the decree issued by Joseph II , Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary until  the Holocaust of 1944. He describes the circumstances of their lives, religious life, schools and teachers. The essay is annexed by  a detailed list of sources.

10. Characteristic features of content and method of education at Ludovika Military Academy – Military officer training was conducted at Ludovika Military Academy before 1945. The author describes the education methods that determined the training and education of the military elite. He analyses the questions  of didactics and methodology, the personal role model of the teachers and the methods forming personal characters , which all helped to train skilled military officers . Amazingly enough, the traditions of the Monarchy were still applied between the two World Wars.

11. About the concept of education by young Árpád Kiss – Árpád Kiss ( 1907 – 1979 ) played a leading role in the creation of the concept and curriculum of the elementary school introduced in 1945, the introduction of the programmed teaching and the development of the international relations of  Hungarian education. The author describes the image of the young scholar’s personality based on his work in the 1940s. The author is Árpád Kiss’s son, a research professor himself.

12. A recommendation to explore the oeuvre of Árpád Kiss on the 160th anniversary of his birth – Árpád Kiss, a professor at teacher training institutions, author of several textbooks, editor of journals was the one who performed the intellectual preparation and organization to establish the National Library and Museum of Education. In preparation for the anniversary in 2005 he describes the professor’s course of life as well as lodges  an appeal and a scheme to start  the preparations for the celebrations.

13. Possibilities of differentiating in the course of education – The essay describes the history of differentiation in the course of education. It also describes the changes in the   interpretation of the word   ‘differentiation’  presenting the education documents that have been decisive in determining  its content. Finally the essay analyses the relations between differentiation and skills and activity development.

14. The history of the ‘Karácsony Sándor ‘ Association of History of Education – The Chairman of the Association describes the history and activities of the association established in an eastern county of Hungary   a decade ago. The 200 members of the association have organized several memorials and conferences and published commemorative books. Their greatest challenge is the Encyclopedia of Educarors’ Biographies. The association has initiated for several teachers to be awarded. The person giving his name to the association was a former Head of Department at the University of Debrecen.

15. Department of the History of Pedagogy at Eötvös Lóránd University – For the first time in the history of the Hungarian higher education a Department of the History of Education  was established at the Institute of Education at Eötvös Lóránd University in 2003 with Associate Professor Éva Szabolcsi as its Head of Department. The author describes the teaching and research activities carried out at the department with an outlook to the teachers’ own research fields. They have launched a forum for those who are interested in the history of education. Applications must be sent to beszelgetokor-feliratkozás@primlista.hu.

16. Professor Márton Horváth is 75 – On the 75th anniversary of the birth of the outstanding teacher, writer and researcher  of the Hungarian history of education his colleague educators and former students have written appreciations on his life’s work. The authors praise  his work as an organizer , teacher and writer. His work includes several monographic books  and studies of international importance. His professional and public appearance – in the Hungarian Pedagogical Association among others -  has also been outstanding. He has been a professor of Eötvös Lóránd University during  the past decades.

17. A tribute to  László Gazda ( 1934-2003 ) -  The 15th commemorative session of the ‘ Karácsony Sándor’ Association of History of Education, Debrecen paid tribute to the educator and curator’s outstanding professional and public achievements in general and public education.

18. Legacy of Makarenko on the Ukraine. The Annals of the Ukrainian Makarenko Society.

19. Miklós Szabó : The History of Education in Russia ( 988-1917). An excellent study on the one thousand years’ history of Russian education by a Hungarian author.

20. A new collection of the educational works by János Apáczai Csere, the distinguished Hungarian educator, who was born and raised in Transylvania in the 17th century and graduated from universities in the Low Countries.

21. A review on the encyclopedia series with educators’ biographies compiled by the Association of History of Education of County Hajdú-Bihar.

22. Public service- the career of an educator. A review on the book describing the career of Zoltán Rozsondai, the distinguished personality of Hungarian teacher training.

23. A review on the programs, work and achievements of the computer database at Hungarian schools in the Charpatian Basin by a research worker of the National Library and Museum of Education.

24. A review on recent books on history of education by an associate professor of the University of Miskolc.

25. A summary of the history of the first Hungarian kindergarten between 1828-1867 by a researcher who has had several publications on the history of kindergartens in Hungary.





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