Angol rezümék
Német rezümék
Francia rezümék

2007. ÉVFOLYAM - 1-2. SZÁM

Szerkesztőség: Angol rezümék

Péter Donáth – Mrs Preska Gábor: Granting a diploma in teachers’ training-colleges and providing new generation of teachers in the age of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy – In the study based on contemporary sources, the authors introduce how it could have served the basic aim of the institutional structure of secondary teachers’ training school and how it promoted the supply of teachers in elementary schools which rapidly developed due to the public education act of 1868. The authors present the confessional and nationality features of the teachers’ training institutions based on diagrams, graphs and the number of issued diplomas. They give information on how the languages used for education influenced teacher training and the efforts of educational policy of the dualistic era. The research covering a half century intends to reveal further relations. It wants to achieve that part of the scientific discourse, the social-historical and statistical analysis of teacher training should be encouraged by competitions.

Andrea Gróz: Teaching discipline in the pedagogical books of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy – The matter of how to teach students to discipline-due to previous researches-forms one of the main fields of history of education. The author, in contrast to average researches, examines four, pedagogical works from the 19th century by highlighting the educational process. In her research she considered theoretical, didactic and methodological aspects. (The examined works: János Környei, 1875: The teacher in the school; László Molnár, 1881: The book of teaching; Joseph Goerth, 1888: The art of teaching; Henrik Kőrösi, 1900: Pedagogical handbook for the public education.) In the conclusion the author, based on the four studies, summarizes in charts the accepted and refused methods of disciplining.

Zoltán Miklós: Teaching and learning at the Academy of Ludovika – The military officer training of the Ludovika Academy had several advantages despite the necessary social and moral crisis: it provided mental, physical and behaviour refinement; education was adjusted to the traditional values and expectations of human co-existence, it trained for patriotism, and it established the modern Hungarian military officer training. The author introduces the historical role of the institution in the preliminary training of the military elité by examining the circumstances of teaching and learning (syllabus, the content of teaching, lesson plans, methods, the tools of teaching). According to him, several modern pedagogical methods were applied in the institutions. Later, these methods were used in civil educational institutions.

János Géczi: The culture of school: education and science. Az Iskolakultúra folyóirat története-(The history of The Culture of School) (1. part) – The euphoric social actions of  the Hungarian change of regime – in certain areas – affected pedagogy. One of the appearances of the theoretical and practical pedagogy was the transformation of pedagogic specialist journals - their content, and their authors changed significantly. János Géczi is the general editor of Iskolakultúra (School Culture), which was founded in 1991. This journal, which is still one of the most prominent pedagogical journals, introduces its effect on pedagogy and the basic pedagogical concepts.

István Surányi: The socialist educational policy in the primary schools of Székesfehérvár. (1948-1990). II. Kádár-era (1956-1990) – The author considers the historical events of Székesfehérvár between 1956 and 1990. He introduces how the public educational policy influenced the organization, the work and the relationships of local schools. He writes about the operation of educational administration and supervision, those pedagogic expectations, which always determined the pedagogic work of the institutions. The summary forecasts the changes which are demanded in local education in the 21st century. The study is accompanied by important and detailed references to notes and literary works.

Zsuzsanna Pallos: Swedish history of education in the Viking – and Middle Ages (II. part) – We can read about the era which is a transition from the Viking-era to Christianity. The author introduces the pedagogic, educational aspects of this age. She outlines the structure of administrational schools, analyses and evaluates their roles in education. The chapels, dom-, monastic schools and the education of municipal schools, the significant teachers or other people in connection with education are mentioned. In the summary the author writes about foreign studies and the establishment of the first national university and noble education.

Zoltán Báthory: Árpád Kiss’ social pedagogy – Árpád Kiss (1907-1975) is one of the most significant representatives of progressive pedagogy. A commemorative committee was founded and teachers, outstanding figures of pedagogy commemorated him at conferences and in publications. At one of the conferences the author was talking about Árpád Kiss’ main thesis and thoughts of social pedagogy. He also mentioned the approach which is the mental, scientific and practical heritage of today’s pedagogy.

Endre Kiss: ’…the free person dealing with the problems of mind…’(Experiment to determine the intellectual face of Árpád Kiss) – The scientific life-work of Árpád Kiss, the reconstruction of his thinking and intellectual, then putting these into historical context are evident to the author because the personality and thinking of Árpád Kiss have been present in the national pedagogic public-and scientific life for ages. The author evaluates several concerns of the life-work of  Árpád Kiss from a philosophical point of view.

Annamária Berta: The young ages of Kunó Klebelsberg in Székesfehérvár – Between 1922 and 1931 Kunó Klebelsberg was a prominent politician of economy, ministry of religion and public education. He liked his historical town. After the early death of his father, his mother moved to Székesfehérvár to her parents. So, impulses forming his personality can be attached to Farkas family and the Cistercian grammar school. These things helped him to acquire intelligence and thorough knowledge set an example to the political and scientific life.

Judit Baksa: The pedagogical view of Dezső Szabó – Dezső Szabó (1879-1945), who was a popular writer of his age, taught in some secondary schools. Due to his work as a teacher, he drafts those educational ideas he used or according to him should have been used in his work. Based on the works of the writer-teacher, the author analyses and evaluates his educational aims, methods and his views about teaching the mother-, and foreign languages.

Andrea Gróz: The question of teaching women in the 19th century pedagogic book by László Molnár – László Molnár (1833-1902), one of the outstanding specialists of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, wrote a lot of pedagogic books for the students of teachers’ training-colleges. Based on the Book of teaching, the author analyses and evaluates the problems in connection with teaching women. In his book Molnár explains the essential role of female teachers in bringing up children, so they are precious people of Hungarian public education.

Zsuzsanna Bara: The ’unknown’ Prosopography – The author discusses the concept, and its content elements, starting from the definition by Lawrence Stone in 1971. According to him, this concept is the research of characters of history sharing the same background. It is a collective study about the life of these characters based on common features. The author presents those fields of social-science which are suitable for exploration. He defines the features of the relationship between biography and prosopography. This publication closes with a lot of references.

Anita Habók: Friedrich Fröbel’s thoughts about romantic childhood – The new European surveys accomplishes our knowledge about Fröbel’s pedagogic concepts and practice: besides his work relating to nursery school, we have to examine his ideas about the development of children because this significantly influences his education in a pedagogic point of view. On the basis of this, we can draw up his images about romantic childhood, which can be derived from the romantic metaphysics of education. Finally, the author states that Fröbel’s anthropology had an effect on pedagogical theory and practice.

Zoltán Vincze: The birth of the school of archeology in Kolozsvár – In the second half of the19. century in Hungary – and in Transylvania – the associations dealing with establishing museums were set up very rapidly. The aims of these associations were to preserve, collect, popularize and utilize the values of the region. One of the founders was Béla Posta (1862-1919), an archeologist, who became the head of the archeological department in Kolozsvár. The author introduces his-, and his students’ works, and the brief history of archeology teaching.

Nándor Horánszky: A literary manifestation of the culture of teachers in the beginning of the 20. century – The author found among family inheritance two letters of Ernő Bászel (Bánkúty) (1883-1941), who was a teacher at a secondary school with sciences. These letters were written in 1908 to Lajos Horánszky (1871-1944), who was a writer and historian, by János Batsányi and his wife. The letter was about publishing Babriella Baumberg’s correspondence in German. The contents of these letters are good examples of how these teachers devoted themselves to their work.

András Killyéni:  Trainings and gymnastics in Kolozsvár between 1868 and 1918 – In Kolozsvár, before the First World War, the local Hungarian sporting life was in its glory. The teachers instructing different branches of sport had prominent roles in it. The author summarizes the preliminaries of the history of sport from the 17. century, then he analyses and evaluates the local sport events by reflecting the pedagogic reform endeavours of the second half of the 19. century. He also writes about the role of Lajos Molnár and Lajos Felméri in Kolozsvár.

Commemoration. László Felkai 1920-2007. (Elemér Kelemen) The former student and colleague, who was writing the obituary, commemorates this outstanding person of Hungarian history of education, research, writing, and teaching, who wrote a lot of books, studies about the period of the 19th century. The writer, the teachers and the scientific -, and professional public life took leave of the excellent teacher.

Éva Szabolcs, editor: Pedagogy and politics in the second half of the XX. Century in Hungary

The presentations of the III. Árpád Kiss Memorial Conference

The presentations of the IV. Árpád Kiss Memorial Conference

The book of Mátyás Bél (1684-1749), reflecting contemporary science

The series of history of education of The National Pedagogic Library and Museum

Tamás Miklós P., editor: The history of the youth-centre in Zánka (1975-2005)