Események, tájékoztatók



Angol rezümék
Német rezümék
Francia rezümék

2006. ÉVFOLYAM - 3-4. SZÁM

Szerkesztőség: Angol rezümék

1. Mária Hornyák: The Education of Count Imre Teleki at the End of the 18th Century. Imre Teleki, descendant of a Hungarian aristocratic family, received aristocratic private education whose preceptor and later mentor was István Konnert. Their relationship lasted for several decades owing to careful advice from Imre Teleki Senior. The study introduces the development of the young count’s personality, which is an illustrative example of the aristocratic education in the 18th century Transylvania. The author presents the later career of the count and the evolution of his personality that changed unfavourably in the subsequent decades. The study is based on important sources that were unknown for researchers up to the present. This study reports on the author’s research results on personalities.

2. Zoltán Tatai: Veronika Tikos, a Confident Country School-Mistress in the Early 20th Century. In the history of Hungarian education women emerged relatively late in the field of pedagogy compared with Europe. It was particularly the situation in villages where teachers were traditionally men who also performed their ecclesiastic duties by the side of priests and clergymen. The author shows the walk of life and the professional career of a woman who confidently accepted the conflicts due to her femininity not only with secular but also with ecclesiastical authorities. Her school-mistress work inevitably broke, which is typical of the period and the author blames the society for men predominance.

3. Imre Lipcsei: The History of  Békés County Higher Elementary Schools in the 1920-30s. The existence of the Hungarian higher elementary school education can be defined as follows: they were secondary schools that usually functioned for four year periods from 1868-1948. The study introduces the network of higher elementary schools, their operation and changes in a south-eastern, mainly agrarian, county. These territories, where the population was low, were fighting for decades to provide children with the possibility of education by establishing higher elementary schools. These establishments did not train rural students for intellectual occupations but aimed at giving opportunity for education. On the basis of this study we can be factually acquainted with the development of higher elementary school education in settlements remote from the central regions.

4. József Martinkó: Chapters from the History of Hungarian Talent Scouting. The pedagogical practice of talent scouting has medieval roots but became comprehensively accomplished in the 20th century. The author considers those exploring and experimental teachers who played significant roles in some fields of Hungarian talent scouting. The study introduces the characteristics of the six stages of talent scouting that are linked to the different historical periods of Hungarian society. The author briefly touches upon the institutions and organizations which are responsible for talent scouting at the present time.

5. László Harangi: Japanese Education in the Tokugawa Time (1603-1867). In the introductory part of the study the author shows the present conditions of Japan and reports on this country as one which is uninterruptedly significant in the environment of global economy. Some of its historical sources can be found in the 17-19th century Japanese society. The reader gets to know the public education of a particular historical era. A distinct part deals with the education of the samurais and nobles, and the sogunates, domanial, sankin quote and shiyuka schools are introduced as well. The education of common people’s children were held in different institutions as well. At the end of the study the reader can find a passage from The Way of Contentment by Kaibara Ekken.

6. András Szécsényi: The Parliamentary and Press Reaction of the Bill ont he Foundation of the Magyar Királyi József Nádor Műszaki és Gazdaságtudományi Egyetem. In the first part of the 1930s a significant recession took place in Hungary and as a consequence the system of higher education had to be reorganized. The author demonstrates the reorganizations and centralisations of the universities and faculties in Budapest through parliamentary debates and the basis of the contemporary press. Sympathizers of the government party supported but others opposed the fusion of the separately operating institutions. Finally, the government’s intention was carried out: a centralized university came into existence.

7. Ilona Mészáros: The Development of Secondary School Training in a north Hungarian City. Ózd was a significant industrial centre which is rooted back into the 18th century. Several industrial and vocational schools were established for the growing industrial workmen from the nearby villages. In the 20th century these schools became supplemented and some of them were altered into institutes specialized in Humanities. The author indicates the problems and tensions in the field of education owing to the high level of unemployment in the city.

8. Zoltán Miklós: The Methodology and Content of Education at Ludovika Academy. In the 19th century and until the first decades of the 1940s Ludovika Academy was the institution of Hungarian army officer training. The author analyzes and shows this school’s educational work based on contemporary documents. He engrosses several pedagogical methods that took into consideration not only the military subjects but also the students as well. Nearing World War II the standard of education provided by the establishment decreased, as rapid training became more important.

9. Ottó Derzsi: Two 60-Year Anniversaries and their Background. Between the two world wars the boy scout movement was the most significant child organization. After 1945 functional disorders were recognized, which was mainly due to the establishment of the pioneer movement supported by the new political regime. The author outlines the last years of the events of the Boy Scout Association and describes how the two children movements were forced to unite. Finally, he calls upon reconciliation for the sake of the boy scout movement newly formed at the beginning of the 1990s.

10. Lajos Székely: Political Struggles for the Youth 60 Years Ago. The article is the personal remembrance of the author about the boy scout movement and its struggle for staying alive after 1945. In the course of the struggle several mainly religious scout movements continuously ceased to exist and only the pioneer movement could work as a children’s movement. The hardships of his own life are also presented, which is the consequence of his personal past not tolerated by the new political elite.

11. János Ugrai: The 20-Year-Old Hungarian Comenius Society. The society is linked with Sárospatak, where Comenius worked, and the scene of the local Teachers’ Training College which takes care of the life-work of the denominator with various programmes and conferences. The author presents the reader a summary of the work done during the past two decades.

12. Elemér Kelemen: Anniversaries in the History of Education. (2007-2010). This collection examines prominent events of the Hungarian and the international history of pedagogy as a reminder to help the work of programmes organizers and researchers.

13. Zsófia Kovács: Public Education of the 1950s. New Trends to Interpret the Educational History of the Era. The lectures presented on the conference organised by The Educational History Subcommittee of the Pedagogiacal Committee of The Hungarian Academy of Science and the Pécs Committee of the History of Education threw a new light upon the educational policy of the 1950s.

14. József Tölgyesi: Kodolányi János University College, Székesfehérvár, organized the First International Conference on the History of Education in its educational center in Fürstenfeld, Austria. The conference was titled Public Education in the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy in Time and Space. The article reports on the conference with qualitative summaries of the lectures.

15. László Trencsényi. The Association of Hungarian Boy Scout and the ’Union’ of the Pioneer Movement in 1948. (Reviewed by András Kiss)

16. László Trencsényi. Paths and Events. Contributions to the History of the Hungarian Pioneer Movement. (Reviewed by Andor József Nagy)

17. Zoltán Tatai. About Communal Education. ( Essays, Interviews And Memoirs) (Reviewed by Lajos Réthey Prikkel )

18. Mihály Kovács. József Öveges (Reviewed by József Varga)

19. Gábor B. Albert. Focal Points and Shifting of Stress. Secondary School History Books in the Horthy Era. (Reviewed by Kálmán Czakó)

20. Miklós Mann. Hungarian Ministers of Education 1848-2002 (Reviewed by József Tölgyesi)

 21. Anna Zsigmond. Amerika. Society and Education. Turning Points in the American Educational Policy. (Reviewed by Katalin Kéri)

22. Mária Hornyák. Teréz Brunszvik and the first Kindergartens in Upper Hungary (Besztercebánya, Pozsony, Nagyszombat). (Reviewed by Judit Gyetvai)

23. Gyula Popély. Farewell from College. Higher Education and the People in Upper Hungary (1918-1945). Investigating Solutions of the Young Hungarian Intellectuals. (Reviewed by Viktória Szente)

24. Viktor Karády. French University from Napoleon to Vichy. (Reviewed by Viktória Szente)

25. Jozef Frarno. Bél the Scientist, or a Narrative about Bél Mátyás and his Era.. (Reviewed by Béla Havasi)

26. István Farkas. Educational Systems in Transylvania till the End of the 18th Century.  (Reviewed by József Tölgyesi)