Tanulmányok

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Könyvismertetések

Rezümék
Szerkesztőség
Angol rezümé
Szerkesztőség
Francia rezümé
Szerkesztőség
Német rezumé

2005. ÉVFOLYAM - 3-4. SZÁM

Szerkesztőség: Angol rezümé



1. Fehér, Katalin : Press and school in the 18th century Hungary. The study indicates the Hungarian ( and more respect the European ) historical path of newspaper reading conception  at school. The author introduces those high schools , higher education institutions , editors and contributors whose roles are essential in  the comenius thought. She unravels those needs of society, which justified the necessities to familiarize the studests with the existent press. Fehér analyses the educational decree (published in 1777)  the role of Ratio Educationis in this conception also.

2. Hornyák, Mária:  The hey-day  of the European infant-school in the correspondence of Brunszvik Teréz  (part 3, 18311-1836). The the third part of the study shows the correspondence of Brunszvik Teréz the first Midst - European infant-school constitutor. The author indicates  the infant-school’s domestic happenings till the beginning of  1836, the formation of its establishment the so called  Kisdedóvó Intézeteket Magyarországon Terjesztó Egyesületet. Indicating three cities (Linz, Munich and Pisa) Brunszvik  reviews letters  containing  several  unknown data about her relationships and foreign activities.

3. Sipőcz, László : Endeavours of Vargyas Endre royal school-inspector in Győr shire  for the fulfilling educational laws in contemporary press.

The 1868th annual educational law played considerable role in Győr of becoming a shire. The author introduces and appreciates the role of Endre Vargyas, the royal school-inspector, compiled several state school textbooks and highlighted on the necessities of considerable resistance in the villages for the development of  the tutoring circumstances and the masters’qualification. His work is diverse and imperishable.

4. Kereszty, Orsolya: Essential " hidden " female scopes in the nation’s point of view in Hungarian Paedagogia (1892-1918). In the examined period   discussions were about  nation , nation formation , as well as the state of being Hungarian. The author examines female roles and their fields in the infants home-grown education, the ethnical minority and in politically hegemony point of view. It shows such relations, which suit those of the specialties within sexes that are female roles.  The author analyzes  the procession of publication, which can be followed over a quarter of a century through domestic pedagogical press in this standard periodical.

5. Szabó, Béla : Ministerial statutes and curricula regulatory, principle role in the formation and development of teaching Physical Education in secondary schools (1777-1944). The author introduces the jurisdictional way and curriculum development from the beginning to the 20th century modern  teaching of Physical Education  through its hardness and success.

6. Kéri,  Katalin : A glimpse for the whole. Intermixtures to the domestic history of encyclopedical thoughts. In the history of culture through education there is a significant question about the knowledge that  people acquired and that of its source  from different centuries and geographical areas. The  author shows the role of encyclopaedia, the present encyclopedical works, old-world and mediaeval role indicating significance of mediaeval Christian and mousseline works. The study evades to printed books to highligt the fact they have varied the scientific cogitation.

7. Hoffmann, Orsolya: From computer-aided learning to e-learning. The author describes the history and evolution of computer-aided learning (CAL) and e-learning. She presents the domains in which e-learning plays a particular role as well as the learning strategies computer networks provide for users. The study gives an overview of different periods, technological and pedagogical characteristics of e-learning from the Instructor-Led-Training of  programmed learning to the most state-of-the-art learning methods. The author provides a detailed description of the existing methods of computer-aided learning.

8. Surányi, István: primary-school teacher at Székesfehérvár between 1945-1948. The author presents the evolution of the Hungarian primary-school system from the end of the Second World War to the communist nationalisation of the school system, i.e. the reconstruction of schools, the progressive schooling of children and, last but not least, the recreation of the whole educational infrastructure. He describes the ideological and professional training of teachers that prepared and enabled them to carry out new educational objectives and work in an entirely new infrastructural and professional framework.

 9. Apáti, Anna Zita: A short history of the Irish educational system. As continental Europe is deeply influenced by the Irish cultural Renaissance, the author believes it is important to present the relatively unknown, but rather extraordinary history of the Irish national education to continental teachers and sociologists. Irish national education, influenced by different military conquests, gained independence only at the beginning of the 20th century – after Ireland became a Free State of the United Kingdom – and developed its own educational and pedagogic system.

10. Mihalovics-Lengyel Alojzia: Hungarian students at Italian universities from 1220 to 1864. For centuries, Hungarian university education has been greatly influenced by Italian universities, particularly by those of Bologna and Padova. The author gives a list of the most famous scholars who worked at well-known Italian universities where tens of thousands of Hungarian students acquired different university degrees from 13th century to the 19th century.

11. Horváth, József: Csokonai, provisional teacher in Csurgó. The author describes the work of Mihály Csokonai Vitéz, the famous 18th-19th century Hungarian poet, as a teacher in Csurgó. He also gives an outline of what Csokonai’s contemporaries (colleagues, students) thought of his work as a teacher. He concludes that Csokonai’s work as a teacher is comparable to the excellence of his poetry: although his teaching methods were rather unusual and, in some respects, revolutionary at that time, they were effective and successful. The actual grammar-school in Csurgó, named after the poet, has preserved this pedagogic tradition.

12. Tóth, Dezső: The pedagogic work of Ciprián Halbik, abbot of Tihany. A great number of abbots have worked as brilliant teachers inside the walls of the Abbey of Tihany ever since its foundation in 1055. One of them was Halbik, a clergyman of low extraction. The author presents his career as abbot of Tihany and describes how Halbik supported the local school and introduced innovative pedagogic methods mixing religious and secular education. The book contains a written version of Halbik’s inaugural speech.

13. Gróz, Andrea: The figure of the effective teacher in a 19th-century pedagogic handbook for primary-school teachers. The author summarizes factors governing efficiency in teaching and methodology, as described by a 19th-century pedagogic handbook. According to the handbook, the high-standard of teaching depends for the most part on the professionalism and the personality of the teacher.

14. Kriston Vizi, József:  Thoughts while Elaborating Áron Kiss’s Life-Work. – The etnographer-author engaged in the revelation of the excellent game-researcher’s life-work shows the events that are linked to Áron Kiss’s work, the several anniversary programmes and the promotion of his tradition.

15. Áment, Erzsébet: László Nagy and the New School in Buda. – The author introduces the connection between Lászlóné Domonkos,the reformist teacher and founder of the New School in Budapest and László Nagy (1857-1931), the outstanding representative of  Hungarian progressive pedagogy, based on  the later’s activity of curriculum-making, which resulted in European level education at the school.  The author outlines the pedagogical actions of the institution in detail.

16. Balogh, László:  Endeavours to Make Evaluation and Marking More Objective in the First Part of the 20th Century. – Firm efforts were made to modernize the evaluation and marking system and make it more objective.  Significant literature has been created on debates concerning this topic since the 1850’s.  The writer introduces the most important experiments, authors and their studies published in connection with this theme.

17. Széles-Kovács, Gyula:  The Reception of Basketball in the Physical Education Curriculum. – The author introduces the professional history how this popular game has been taught at secondary schools since its origins till these days, and its importance in sport and in creating and developing Physical Education.

18. Seres, János:  The History of Athletic Exercises in Secondary Schools. – The author writes about the past of teaching athletic exercises, which provide a basis for Physical Education at schools, its appearance in Hungary, its history and mainly its curricular aspects and the practice how it was used at a secondary grammar school in Eger.

19. József Zsolnai, the school-founder and pedagogical researcher, is 75 years old. – This interview was made with the outstanding theoretician, researcher, teacher and professor who possesses the doctoral degree of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and previously held several significant leading posts.  He worked out the programmes of the Language-Literature-Communication and of  the Development of Abilities and Values, which have contributed to the progressive modernization of Hungarian public education.  He is the author of several theoretical works, practical textbooks and the editor of coursebooks.  His programmes and coursebooks are also used at schools where the language of instruction is Hungarian outside the borders.

20. Szécsényi, András:  Bálint Hóhman and the University. – The Jubilee Law of the Pázmány Péter University is 70 years old. – The 300th anniversary of the foundation of Hungary’s oldest university of arts and sciences was celebrated in 1935.  Based on a law created that year this jubilee was commemorated at a national celebration.  The author introduces the story how the law was realized.

21. Pataki, Ferenc:  The Legend of the National Alliance of People’s Colleges

22. Szabó, Miklós:  The History of Russian Education (997-1917)

23. Géczi, János: Imparting Knowledge of Pedagogy

24. Ballér, Endre:  On the Paths of Curriculum-Theory.  A collection of works from four decades.

25. They Illiminated Others.  A commemoration of 300 former teachers of Pápa District.

26. Kriston Vizi, József:  Homo Ludens Hungaricus.  Etnographical game-studies.

27. Kardos, Pál (The life-works of the excellent teacher of music.)

28. The Collection of Small Prints in the National Library

29. Kovátsné Németh, Mária:  János Apáczai Csere. Hungarian Encyclopaedia

30. The Remembrance of János Apáczai Csere.  ’’I am thinking, that is why I am.”

31. Mészáros, András:  The Encyclopaedia of Educational Philosophy in Northern Hungary.





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