Interjú - Fórum



Rezümék - angol
Rezümék - német
Rezümék - francia

2004. ÉVFOLYAM - 1. SZÁM

Szerkesztőség: Rezümék - angol

History of Education


The development of the modern school system in Hungary with special respect to the 19th century history of the secondary school system.
Besides showing efforts in education in Europe, the essay describes how the modern secondary school system developed in Hungary and shows the social influences that an effect on its structural and substantial modernisation. The Education Act of 1868 and the successive Acts were essential in facilitating secondary schools to develop both in quantity and quality.

Opinions and debates on education in two journals from the age of reform in the 19th century.
An analysis  of articles on education published in Hungarian in two journals at the early 19th century. It gives us a picture of what opinions education theorists held on the theory of education and the practice followed both in and out of school. The author emphasises that there were significant foreign-especially German –influences in this regard. It was then that the Hungarian technical terms of education were formed, the need for teaching in Hungarian intensified and essays and books on education based on Hungarian experience started to be published. The author is an associate professor.

Schools and education in the royal city.
The author portrays the secondary school system of a city which played an important role as the capital city and coronation seat of Hungary in the 1oth – 15th centuries describing the economical and cultural background of the era. Secondary schools in Székesfehérvár  were established by the Jesuits and after they were suppressed the work was carried on by the Cistercian order. The local secondary school played an important role in the cultural life of the city. Besides the students’ drama performances and religious occasions, the teachers’ scientific work made the city grow in importance. The author is a professor, the Director General of the College.

Primary school education in Székesfehérvár from 1693-1867.
In a city in the 17th century, just liberated after 150 years of occupation by the Ottoman Turkish Empire it was the German immigrants who opened the first primary schools. With the number of population growing rapidly, the city established schools teaching students in Hungarian but private schools, religious schools and an ethnic Serbian school were also established. The author describes  the local events throughout the 200 years of education and provides the history of schools in detail. The author is a secondary school teacher, whose research area is local history of education.

Alternative approaches in education from1 945 to present day.
After 1945 education in Hungary, influenced by Soviet education policy, lost its own identity and former civil approaches were dropped. In the 1970s the so - called experimental schools started new, innovative approaches, which resulted in alternative education pedagogy acknowledged and applied in schools in the 1990s.The essay portrays alternative education workshops and theoreticians. The author is an associate professor.

Female education in the Aztec culture.
The author gives a description of the education of girls in Central American Indian cultures based on the description of the first Spanish and Portugal conquerors and missionaries. His main source is a book by Bernardino de Sahagún, a monk in the 16th century, who describes the Aztec tribes’ education practices from his own experience. The author portrays the education approaches that helped the girls integrate into community through education in the family and tribe. The essay gives two bibliographical references : An Aztec Prince’s admonition to his son and daughter. The author is an associate professor, whose research area is Islamic and Indian history of culture.


Árpád Kiss (1907 – 1979) and the spirit of education.
Analysing the lectures  delivered at the conference held in the memory of the great Hungarian historian of education last autumn, the author describes the scholar’s influence on pedagogical, academic and public thinking. His work focused on the
problems of mass education, which was accompanied by his commitment to individual education.

Interviews  Forum

‘I have seen and had others see one thousand years of the history of education .’ - an interview with Professor István Mészáros, historian of education and culture. The retired professor, the distinguished personality of the Hungarian history of education recalls his career as a teacher, educator and scholar. The introduction gives his personal details and a list of his publications. Interviewed by the Editor-in-Chief.

The legacy of the Hungarian education in the European Union.

 Two professors answer the journal’s all-round inquiry: What values of the history of education over one thousand years can we contribute to the common Europe?
Pál Bakonyi, retired professor and Deputy Director General highlights the theory and practice of infant grade education in Hungary.Béla Molnár,  senior lecturer regards the infant teacher training awarded by the Hungarian Legacy Award as a value that enriches the legacy of education of Europe.

History of education and teacher training. The author, an associate professor gives us his thoughts on the present state of teaching history of education and the necessary changes in our approach to it.

Book and journal reviews

Krisztina Foghtüy, associate professor reviews the books published in the series Masters and Students by the National Library and Museum of Education.
József Tölgyesi reviews the books The First Hungarian Kindergarten Teacher Training College by Rózsa Kurucz and An Outlined History of the Industrial, Agricultural and Commercial Vocational Training in Hungary by Lajos Orosz.


The National Museum and Library of Education presents itself

The Supporters’ Club for Museums of Education has been established

The Editorial Board publishes articles by Hungarian – speaking authors living abroad as well as  non – Hungarian – speaking authors, whose articles  are published in either English, German or French. Please send your articles in either of these languages. Authors are kindly requested to give their place of work, position, academic title and e-mail address. Authors are paid a fee and sent three copies free of charge.